Originally written February 1, 2006 | Last updated

Some mycotoxins and their effects.

Toxin or syndrome and (primary) fungal source: Possible animal effects

Aspergillus toxins (primarily)

Affatoxins (B1, B2, Gl, and G2; B1 is most important): liver damage; carcinogenic; reduced growth; hemorrhaging

Ochratoxins: Kidney and liver damage; abortion

Sterigmatoctin: Generally toxic; carcinogenic

Tremorgenic toxin: Tremors and convulsions

Penicillium toxins (primarily)

Patulin: Lung and brain hemorrhages; edema; kidney damage; possibly carcinogenic

Rubratoxin: Liver damage; hemorrhaging

Citrinin: Kidney damage

Fusarium toxins

Emetic factor, vomitoxin (deoxynivalenol, DON): Vomiting; feed refusal by swine, cats, and dogs

Feed refusal factor (may be same as above): Feed refusal by swine

Other trichothecenes such as T-2, MAS, DAS: Inflammation of gastrointestinal tract; possible hemorrhaging, edema, vomiting, infertility, and other symptoms

Zearalenone and zearalenol (estrogenlc syndrome): Increased estrogenic activity; Infertility

Directory of mycotoxin laboratories

The following laboratories can offer qualitative and quantitative analysis for mycotoxins that Include but are not limited to aflatoxins, DAS, fumonisin, ochratoxins, T-2, vomitoxin, and zearalenone.. Contact individual laboratories directly for information about prices and services, sample submission, and other details. s directly for information about prices and services, sample submission, and other details.
AgSource Soil and Forage Laboratory
106 North Cecil Street
Bonduel, WI 5410
(715) 758-2178

Animal Disease Laboratory
Illinois Department of Agriculture
2100 South Lake Storey Road
Galesburg, IL 61401
(309) 344-2451

Cumberland Valley Analytical Services, Inc.
P.O.Box 669
Maugansvllle, MD 21767
(800) 282-7522

Dairy One Forage Lab Services
730 Warren Road
Ithaca, NY 14850
(607) 257-1272
Dairyland Laboratories
217 East Main Street
Arcadia, WI 54612
(608) 323-2123

Midwest Laboratories
13611 B Street
Omaha, NE 68144 
(402) 334-7770

Rock River Laboratory, Inc.
710Commerce Drive
P.O.Box 169
Watertown, WI 53094-0169
(920) 261-0446

Romer Labs, Inc.
Attn: Analytical Services
1301 Stylemaster Lane
Union, MO 63084-1156
(636) 583-8600
North Dakota Veterinary Diagnostic laboratory
North Dakota State University
174 Van ES Hall
1523 Centennial Boulevard
Fargo, ND 58102
(701) 231-8307

Veterinary Diagnostic labs
Iowa State University
1600South 16th Street
Ames, IA 50011
(515) 294-1950

Veterinary Medical Dlagnnstic Labnratory
University of Missouri
1600 East Rollins
Columbia, MO 65211
(573) 882-6811

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